Mongolia is a landlocked country in East and Central Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south, east and west. Ulan Bator, the capital and also the largest city, is home to about 45% of the population. Mongolia’s political system is a parliamentary republic.
The area of what is now Mongolia has been ruled by various nomadic empires. At 1,5 mil square kilometres , Mongolia is the 19th largest and the most sparsely populated independent country in the world, with a population of around 2.9 million people.